Self-Driving Trucks: Transforming the Automotive Sector

5 Dec


A self-driving truck is an autonomous vehicle equipped with both software and hardware that enable it to navigate without direct human intervention. They can identify pedestrians, road signs, and other vehicles, enabling real-time decision-making for safe and efficient movement. Self-driving technology contains numerous features like vehicle data analytics, fleet management, vehicle-to-everything (V2X) communication, vehicle tracking, remote diagnostics, screen mirroring, and many more. 

The technology comprises sensors like LiDAR, RADAR, vision sensors, ultrasonic sensors, and additional equipment for detecting the surrounding vehicles. The trucks utilize sensors and software to operate the hardware, executing tasks based on their algorithm. Another aspect involves manufacturers providing services to enhance and support the technology, aiming for the optimal performance of both the technology and the trucks.

Telematics control unit: The latest technology in self-driving vehicles

Telematics, a communication system in the automotive sector, depends on data exchange between vehicles and external sources through wireless networks. The automotive industry's transformation is driven by the fusion of wireless technology, location tracking, and in-car electronics.

The Telematics Control Unit acquires vehicle data, including position, acceleration, engine specifics, connectivity status, and more, by establishing connections with diverse vehicle subsystems through data and control buses. Generally, the Telematic Control Module (TCM) is fitted behind the dash, in the trunk, storage compartment, back stowage, or in the center of the car.

The device gathers GPS and various automobile signals, then sends them to a central server using GPRS (General Packet Radio Service), mobile networks, satellite links, or 4G mobile data. The server analyzes this data and provides it to end-users through secure websites and applications created for smartphones and tablets.

According to the latest report published by Allied Market Research, the self-driving truck market is estimated to display a notable CAGR of 12.1% during the forecast period of 2024 to 2035. Saudi Arabia is anticipated to manifest the fastest CAGR of 16.1% by 2035. Based on the level of automation, the level 5 automation segment would cite a noteworthy CAGR of 28.0% throughout the forecast timeframe. However, level 4 is anticipated to showcase the fastest CAGR of 26.4% during the forecast period. By application, the logistics and transportation segment is estimated to dominate the market with a 14.0% CAGR from 2024 to 2035.

TuSimple initiated trials of its self-driving truck technology in Japan

TuSimple, an American autonomous company specializing in self-driving trucks, announced its regular testing of autonomous vehicles on a Japanese expressway in June 2023, signifying its introduction into the island nation.

The trials conducted on Japan's Tomei Expressway, linking Nagoya, Osaka, and Tokyo, indicate TuSimple's commitment to its Asia-centric operations. TuSimple planned to initiate testing of its autonomous driving system on the 310-mile route from Tokyo to Osaka. The company is planning to test its trucks without a human driver in 2024.

The global self-driving truck industry is expanding rapidly, owing to technological advancements, growth of connected infrastructure, and enhanced safety. However, favorable government policies and decongestion of traffic are anticipated to accelerate the market in the upcoming years. 

Koyel Ghosh

Koyel Ghosh

Author’s Bio- Koyel Ghosh is a blogger with a strong passion and enjoys writing in miscellaneous domains, as she believes it lets her explore a wide variety of niches. She has an innate interest in creativity and enjoys experimenting with different writing styles. A writer who never stops imagining, she has been serving the corporate industry for the last five years.


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