How Do Level Sensors Work and What Are Their Major Types?

12 Dec


Well, the use of liquid level sensors is not new. Rather, it’s been available in the marker for decades. And, goods that require leak recognition necessitate the usage of these sensors the most.  Reference of food & drink, manufacturing, and therapeutic industry is worth mentioning in this regard. Generally used to regulate the amount of fluids in a closed or open system, level sensors tend to perform two different kinds of measurements, viz., continuous and point level measurements.

When continuous level sensors are used to gauge liquid levels to a certain edge or limit, point level sensors are known to only find out if the liquid level is high or low-slung. Nevertheless, the results provided by continuous level sensors always tend to be accurate and precise.

Quite a few major types of level sensors are as follows-

Ultrasonic level sensors are quite popular to control the heights of gluey liquid ingredients and determine the heftiness of materials as well. Audio waves having frequency of 20 to 200 kHz are borne well to make the sensors work perfectly. The wafts are then simulated back to a photoelectric cell. The retaliation of the sensor is impacted by ferments, humidity, pressure and temperature. However, the transducer has to be enlarged properly to acquire a better response. Mainly, these sensors are used in food and beverage industry to determine the liquid level.

Capacitance level sensors, on the other hand, are used to discern fluids like slushes and aqueous solutions. Especially, determining level changes is the main motif these sensors work for. The variations in levels are then altered into analog indicators. The fact that capacitance sensors don’t come with any moving components makes it easy for the users to use as well as clean them. Mostly, they are used in applications that involve high temperature and pressure.

Microwave optical sensors are used for applications that contain fluctuating temperature, varying pressure, and moist environments. Microwaves are considered to be highly effective, when it comes to going through under these conditions without including air molecules for emanation of energy. These sensors can also detect conductive water and metallic constituents. Highly moist, dusty and vaporous environments have seen the usage of microwave optical sensors the most. Also, in applications where temperatures tend to differ to a significant extent, these sensors are of great use indeed.

According to Allied Market Research, the global level sensor market is expected to grow at a significant CAGR from 2019–2026. Surge in demand for level sensors, increase in adoption of industrial automation, and rise in usage of level sensors in power as well as energy vertical are the major factors propelling the growth of the market. On the other hand, rising trend toward electric vehicle and lack of precision in the sensors are expected to restrain the growth to certain extent. However, increase in usage of level sensors in residential sphere has almost toned down the factors and paved the way for a number of opportunities in the industry. To recapitulate, it can be stated that the market is expanding rapidly and it’s projected to shoot up yet more in the next few years.

Alex Hillsberg

Alex Hillsberg

Chief editor of review team at FinancesOnline

Chief editor of review team at FinancesOnline Alex Hillsberg is an expert in the area of B2B and SaaS related products. He has worked for several B2B startups in the past and gathered a lot of first hand knowledge about the industry during that time.


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