Increasing Demand for Fuel-Efficient, High-Performance, and Low-Emission Vehicles Fuels the Automotive Battery Thermal Management System Industry
25 May 2023
Nowadays, the popularity of the automotive industry is gaining traction because of ongoing technological advancements. Thermal management systems for automotive batteries are designed to control the temperature of electric vehicle (EV) batteries, which can be influenced by outside factors, charging, and discharging. For a battery that would last a long time, perform well, and be safe, the temperature must be kept within a desirable range.
Automotive battery thermal management systems (ABTMS) come in two basic categories: passive and active. The battery's capacity to dissipate heat through natural convection and radiation is essential for passive systems. Active systems, on the other hand, use heating and cooling components to actively control the battery's temperature. Particularly in severe weather conditions, active systems are typically more efficient and effective than passive ones. The performance, security, and longevity of electric vehicle batteries are dependent on automotive battery thermal management systems (ABTMS), and the advancement of novel technologies in this field is crucial for accelerating the adoption of electric vehicles. This factor fuels the growth of the automotive battery thermal management system (ABTMS) market.
The integration of other electric thermal management systems with automotive battery thermal management systems driving the market growth-
The automotive industry has undergone a radical transformation in the last decade. Because of the government's strict CO2 emission norms, the demand for electric vehicles (EVs) and alternative fuel vehicles has increased. Such government initiatives are appealing to automakers to adopt the new trend of electric vehicles. In the past, battery thermal management systems were used by auto manufacturers and suppliers to control battery temperature. However, as technology improved and the need to lighten vehicles increased, OEMs and suppliers were forced to integrate the battery thermal management system with other electric thermal management systems of the vehicle. The developers and OEMs have been able to achieve the highest efficiency at the lowest cost due to this methodology or module.
In terms of improving thermal management, developers and system manufacturers have begun to integrate electronic components. Examples of these components include power electronics elements found in electric drives (generator, motor, and inverter), belt starter generators (BSG), power inverter modules, and electric converters. Developers and original equipment manufacturers (OEMs) have been able to reduce vehicle weight and increase efficiency due to the integration of technologies with shared TMS for battery and other applications.
One of the most significant recent developments in automotive battery thermal management systems is the integration of artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning techniques. The use of AI helps to optimize the battery thermal management system's performance by continuously monitoring the battery's temperature, ambient conditions, and power usage. By analyzing this data, the AI system can make real-time adjustments to the cooling and heating systems to ensure the battery operates within its optimal temperature range, which can improve the battery's longevity and performance.
Another recent development is the use of phase change materials (PCMs) in battery thermal management systems. These materials store and release heat as the battery temperature fluctuates, reducing the need for active cooling or heating systems, which can improve energy efficiency and reduce costs. Additionally, PCMs can be integrated into the battery pack, reducing the overall weight and size of the thermal management system.
Finally, to increase the thermal conductivity of battery materials, researchers are looking at using innovative materials like graphene. The risk of thermal runaway events, which can occur in battery failure and safety risks, can be decreased and heat can be dissipated more effectively to the needs. The solution that helps control the heat produced during the electrochemical processes that take place in cells in an automotive battery allows the battery to operate effectively and safely. To maintain battery temperatures within the proper range and avoid temperature fluctuations inside the battery pack, an electric vehicle needs efficient thermal management systems. Thus, thermal management systems are essential for controlling the thermal behavior of the battery, which enables the market for automotive battery thermal management systems to grow steadily.
Authors Bio- Koyel Ghosh is a blogger with a strong passion and enjoys writing in miscellaneous domains, as she believes it lets her explore a wide variety of niches. She has an innate interest in creativity and enjoys experimenting with different writing styles. A writer who never stops imagining, she has been serving the corporate industry for the last five years.